Synopsis

/etc/makepkg.conf, $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/pacman/makepkg.conf, ~/.makepkg.conf

Description

Configuration options for makepkg are stored in makepkg.conf. This file is sourced so you can include any special compiler flags you wish to use. This is helpful when building for different architectures or with different optimizations. However, only the variables described below are exported to the build environment.

Note This does not guarantee that all package Makefiles will use your exported variables. Some of them are non-standard.

The system-wide configuration file is found in /etc/makepkg.conf. Individual options can be overridden (or added to) on a per-user basis in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/pacman/makepkg.conf or ~/.makepkg.conf, with the former taking priority.

The default file is fairly well commented, so it may be easiest to simply follow directions given there for customization.

Options

DLAGENTS=('protocol::/path/to/command [options]' …)

Sets the download agents used to fetch source files specified with a URL in the PKGBUILD(5) file. Options can be specified for each command as well, and any protocol can have a download agent. Any spaces in option arguments are required to be escaped to avoid being split. Several examples are provided in the default makepkg.conf.
If present, %u will be replaced with the download URL. Otherwise, the download URL will be placed on the end of the command. If present, %o will be replaced with the local file name, plus a “.part” extension, which allows makepkg to handle resuming file downloads.

VCSCLIENTS=('protocol::package' …)

Sets the packages required to fetch version controlled source files. When required, makepkg will check that these packages are installed or are included in the depends or makedepends arrays in the PKGBUILD.

CARCH="carch"

Specifies your computer architecture; possible values include such things as “i686”, “x86_64”, “ppc”, etc. This should be automatically set on installation.

CHOST="chost"

A string such as “i686-pc-linux-gnu”; do not touch this unless you know what you are doing. This can be commented out by most users if desired.

CPPFLAGS="cppflags"

Flags used for the C preprocessor; see CFLAGS for more information.

CFLAGS="cflags"

Flags used for the C compiler. This is a key part to the use of makepkg. Usually several options are specified, and the most common string resembles something like this: “-march=i686 -O2 -pipe”. Another useful option may be -mcpu in place of -march. Read gcc(1) for more details on the wide variety of compiler flags available.

CXXFLAGS="cxxflags"

Flags used for the C++ compiler; see CFLAGS for more info.

LDFLAGS="ldflags"

Flags used for the linker. Several options may be specified with common usage resembling “-Wl,--hash-style=gnu”. Read ld(1) for more details on available linker flags.

MAKEFLAGS="makeflags"

This is often used to set the number of jobs used; for example, -j2. Other flags that make accepts can also be passed.

DEBUG_CFLAGS="debug_cflags"

Additional compiler flags appended to CFLAGS for use in debugging. Usually this would include: “-g”. Read gcc(1) for more details on the wide variety of compiler flags available.

DEBUG_CXXFLAGS="debug_cxxflags"

Debug flags used for the C++ compiler; see DEBUG_CFLAGS for more info.

BUILDENV=(!distcc color !ccache check !sign)

This array contains options that affect the build environment; the defaults are shown here. All options should always be left in the array; to enable or disable an option, simply remove or add an “!” at the front of the option. If an option is specified multiple times, the final value takes precedence. Each option works as follows:

distcc

Use the distributed C/C++/ObjC compiler to spread compilation among multiple machines. If this is enabled, DISTCC_HOSTS must be specified as well.

color

Colorize output messages, making output easier to read.

ccache

Use ccache to cache compilation by default. This allows for faster compiles if you are continuously recompiling the same packages. It can be disabled for individual packages by placing !ccache in the PKGBUILD options array.

check

Run the check() function if present in the PKGBUILD. This can be enabled or disabled for individual packages through the use of makepkg’s --check and --nocheck options, respectively.

sign

Generate a PGP signature file using GnuPG. This will execute gpg --detach-sign --use-agent on the built package to generate a detached signature file, using the GPG agent, if it is available. The signature file will be the entire file name of the package with a “.sig” extension.

DISTCC_HOSTS="host1 …"

If using DistCC, this is used to specify a space-delimited list of hosts running in the DistCC cluster. In addition, you will want to modify your MAKEFLAGS.

BUILDDIR="/path/to/directory"

If this value is not set, packages will, by default, be built in subdirectories of the directory that makepkg is called from. This option allows setting the build location to another directory. Incorrect use of $startdir in a PKGBUILD may cause building with this option to fail.

GPGKEY=""

Specify a key to use for GPG signing instead of the default key in the keyring. Can be overridden with makepkg’s --key option.

OPTIONS=(strip docs libtool staticlibs emptydirs zipman purge !upx !optipng)

This array contains options that affect default packaging. They are equivalent to options that can be placed in the PKGBUILD; the defaults are shown here. All options should always be left in the array; to enable or disable an option, simply remove or add an “!” at the front of the option. If an option is specified multiple times, the final value takes precedence. Each option works as follows:

strip

Strip symbols from binaries and libraries. If you frequently use a debugger on programs or libraries, it may be helpful to disable this option.

docs

Save doc directories. If you wish to delete doc directories, specify !docs in the array. The directories affected are specified by the DOC_DIRS variable.

libtool

Leave libtool (.la) files in packages. Specify !libtool to remove them.

staticlibs

Leave static library (.a) files in packages. Specify !staticlibs to remove them, if they have a shared counterpart.

emptydirs

Leave empty directories in packages.

zipman

Compress manual (man and info) pages with gzip. The directories affected are specified by the MAN_DIRS variable.

purge

Remove files specified by the PURGE_TARGETS variable from the package.

upx

Compress binary executable files using UPX. Additional options can be passed to UPX by specifying the UPXFLAGS array variable.

optipng

Optimize PNG images with optipng. Additional options can be passed to optipng by specifying the OPTIPNGFLAGS array variable.

debug

Add the user-specified debug flags as specified in DEBUG_CFLAGS and DEBUG_CXXFLAGS to their counterpart buildflags. Creates a separate package containing the debug symbols when used with ‘strip’.

INTEGRITY_CHECK=(check1 …)

File integrity checks to use. Multiple checks may be specified; this affects both generation and checking. The current valid options are: md5, sha1, sha256, sha384, and sha512.

STRIP_BINARIES="--strip-all"

Options to be used when stripping binaries. See strip(1) for details.

STRIP_SHARED="--strip-unneeded"

Options to be used when stripping shared libraries. See strip(1) for details.

STRIP_STATIC="--strip-debug"

Options to be used when stripping static libraries. See strip(1) for details.

MAN_DIRS=({usr{,/local}{,/share},opt/*}/{man,info} …)

If zipman is specified in the OPTIONS array, this variable will instruct makepkg where to look to compress manual (man and info) pages. If you build packages that are located in opt/, you may need to add the directory to this array. NOTE: Do not add the leading slash to the directory name.

DOC_DIRS=(usr/{,share/}{doc,gtk-doc} …)

If !docs is specified in the OPTIONS array, this variable will instruct makepkg where to look to remove docs. If you build packages that are located in opt/, you may need to add the directory to this array. NOTE: Do not add the leading slash to the directory name.

PURGE_TARGETS=(usr/{,share}/info/dir .podlist *.pod…)

If purge is specified in the OPTIONS array, this variable will instruct makepkg which files to remove from the package. This is useful for index files that are added by multiple packages.

PKGDEST="/path/to/directory"

If this value is not set, packages will, by default, be placed in the current directory (location of the PKGBUILD(5)). Many people like to keep all their packages in one place so this option allows for this behavior. A common location is “/home/packages”.

SRCDEST="/path/to/directory"

If this value is not set, downloaded source files will only be stored in the current directory. Many people like to keep all source files in a central location for easy cleanup, so this path can be set here.

SRCPKGDEST="/path/to/directory"

If this value is not set, source package files will be stored in in the current directory. Many people like to keep all source package files in a central location for easy cleanup, so this path can be set here.

LOGDEST="/path/to/directory"

If this value is not set, log files are written to the current directory. This centralizes the log location, facilitating cleanup and compression.

PACKAGER="John Doe <john@example.com>"

This value is used when querying a package to see who was the builder. It is recommended to change this to your name and email address.

COMPRESSGZ="(gzip -c -f -n)"
COMPRESSBZ2="(bzip2 -c -f)"
COMPRESSXZ="(xz -c -z -)"
COMPRESSLZO"(lzop -q)"
COMPRESSLRZ="(lrzip -q)"
COMPRESSZ="(compress -c -f)"

Sets the command and options used when compressing compiled or source packages in the named format.

PKGEXT=".pkg.tar.gz", SRCEXT=".src.tar.gz"

Sets the compression used when making compiled or source packages. Valid suffixes are .tar, .tar.gz, .tar.bz2, .tar.xz, .tar.lzo, .tar.lrz, and .tar.Z. Do not touch these unless you know what you are doing.

See Also

See the pacman website at https://www.archlinux.org/pacman/ for current information on pacman and its related tools.

Bugs

Bugs? You must be kidding; there are no bugs in this software. But if we happen to be wrong, send us an email with as much detail as possible to pacman-dev@archlinux.org.

Authors

Current maintainers:

Past major contributors:

For additional contributors, use git shortlog -s on the pacman.git repository.