A simple library-based package manager.
pacman is a utility which manages software packages in Linux. It uses simple compressed files as a package format, and maintains a text-based package database (more of a hierarchy), just in case some hand tweaking is necessary.
pacman does not strive to "do everything." It will add, remove and upgrade packages in the system, and it will allow you to query the package database for installed packages, files and owners. It also attempts to handle dependencies automatically and can download packages from a remote server.
Version 2.0 of pacman introduced the ability to sync packages (the --sync option) with a master server through the use of package databases. Prior to this, packages would have to be installed manually using the --add and --upgrade operations.
Version 3.0 was the switch to a two-part pacman — a back-end named libalpm (library for Arch Linux Package Management) and the familiar pacman front-end. Speed in many cases was improved, along with dependency and conflict resolution being able to handle a much wider variety of cases. The switch to a library-based program should also make it easier in the future to develop alternative front ends.
Version 4.0 added package signing and verification capabilities to the entire makepkg/repo-add/pacman toolchain via GnuPG and GPGME.
Version 5.0 added support for pre/post-transaction hooks and sync database file list operations.
There are several man pages available for the programs, utilities, and configuration files dealing with pacman.
Source code for all releases is available at https://sources.archlinux.org/other/pacman/. To install, download the newest available source tarball, unpack it in a directory, and run the three magic commands:
$ ./configure $ make # make install
You may wish to read the options presented by
./configure --help in order to
set appropriate paths and build options that are correct for your system.
Development of pacman is currently done in Git. The central repository is hosted by Arch Linux, although some of the developers have their own trees (ask on the above mailing lists if you are interested in finding the locations of these trees).
The current development tree can be fetched with the following command:
git clone git://projects.archlinux.org/pacman.git pacman
which will fetch the full development history into a directory named pacman. You can browse the source as well using cgit. HTTP/HTTPS URLs are also available for cloning purposes; these URLs are listed at the above page.
If you are interested in hacking on pacman, it is highly recommended you join the mailing list mentioned above, as well as take a quick glance at our HACKING document. submitting-patches is also a recommended read.
Not as familiar with code as you’d like to be, but still want to help out? If you speak a foreign language, you can help by either creating or updating a translation file for your native language. Instructions can be found in translation-help.
Although the package manager itself is quite simple, many scripts have been developed that help automate building and installing packages. These are used extensively in Arch Linux. Most of these utilities are available in the Arch Linux projects code browser.
abs - ABS (Arch Build System), scripts to download & use the Arch Linux PKGBUILD tree
dbscripts - scripts used by Arch Linux to manage the main package repositories
devtools - tools to assist in packaging and dependency checking
namcap - a package analysis utility written in python
srcpac - a bash build-from-source pacman wrapper
If you find bugs (which is quite likely), please email them to the pacman-dev mailing last at firstname.lastname@example.org with specific information such as your command-line, the nature of the bug, and even the package database if it helps.
You can also post a bug to the Arch Linux bug tracker Flyspray. Be sure to file bugs under the Pacman project.